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Writing: Reviewing and Editing

Monday, 29 March 2021 at 10:24 am

We are pleased to share some charts to assist students to revise and edit their writing.

Writing: Reviewing, Revising, Refining Chart - Capitalisation
Writing: Reviewing, Revising, Refining Chart – Capitalisation


The ARMS strategy supports students during the revision stage. The acronym stands for Add, Remove, Move, Substitute. It prompts writers to review, revise and refine their writing to improve their clarity. Writers are reminded to consider whether:

  • additional words or sentences will improve reader understanding
  • removing words or ideas will de-clutter the text of unnecessary detail
  • moving words, sentences or ideas will make the text more meaningful
  • substituting vocabulary to make it more descriptive, colourful and relevant AND/OR substituting phrases, clauses or sentences will make them more interesting, detailed or meaningful

An improvement in both coherence and cohesion should result.


The CUPS strategy supports students during the editing stage. CUPS stands for Capitalisation, Understanding, Punctuation, Spelling. Students are prompted to check each area for accuracy.
An improvement in readability should result.

We hope you find these ‘Writing: Review and Editing Charts’ a useful resource in your classroom.

by Angela Ehmer

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